Treasures of French Polynesia
Tahitian pearls, also called "black pearls", are cultivated in the seas of French Polynesia.
Very fashionable, their colors vary according to the nature of the graft and the geographical origin of the pearl. Thus, depending on the lagoon where the oysters are grown, the hue of the pearl varies: some varieties adopt very light, almost white hues, while others approach grey, blue, green, gold or dark purple reminiscent of the color of eggplant.
Despite what their name seems to indicate, Tahitian pearls do not come from Tahiti. This appellation stems from the days when pearl farmers from other French Polynesian islands traveled to Tahiti to sell their wares, popularizing the region for this iconic black pearl.
There are five types of shapes: round (the sphere is almost perfect), semi-round (the pearl has a sphere shape, its diameter varies from 2 to 5%), semi-baroque (the pearl has a drop shape, pear, oval or button), baroque (the pearl is very irregular) and finally circled (the pearl has one or more concentric circles around its surface).
The price of the Tahitian pearl is directly linked to its rarity. Round pearls, for example, represent on average 5% of a harvest compared to 30% for circled pearls. These are the rarest pearls and therefore the most expensive.
Today Tahitian pearls are among the most sought after in the world.